Letters & Sounds Actions


Phase 2

s/ss Pretend your hand is a snake moving in an ‘S’ shape whilst making the sound ‘sssss’.
a Wiggle your fingers as if ants are crawling on you and say ‘a! a! a!’.
t Pretend you are watching tennis, turning your head from side to side and saying ‘t, t, t’.
p Hold your index fingers as if it is a lit candle and imagine puffing it out, saying ‘p, p, p’.
i Pretend to be a mouse, by wiggling fingers either side of your nose (whiskers) and squeak ‘i, i, i’.
n Hold your arms out to each side pretending to be an aeroplane nose diving and say ‘nnnnn’.
ck Raise hands and snap fingers together as if playing castenets and say ‘ck, ck, ck’.
e Pretend to hold an egg with one hand, as if cracking against the side of a bowl or pan. Use both hands to open shell, saying ‘eh, eh, eh’.
h Pretend you are panting after a race, holding your hand up to your mouth and saying ‘h, h, h’.
r Pretend to be a puppy pulling a rag with teeth clenched and shaking head saying ‘rrrrr’.
m Rub tummy as if seeing tasty food and say ‘mmmmmm’.
d Beat hands up and down as if playing a drum and say ‘d, d, d’.
u Pretend to be putting up an umbrella and say ‘u, u, u’.
o Pretend to turn light switch on and off and say ‘o, o, o’.
g Spiral hand down, as if water going down the plughole, and say ‘g, g, g’.
l/ll Pretend to lick a lollipop and say ‘l, l, l’.
f/ff Let hands gently come together as if toy fish deflating, and say ‘f, f, f’.

Phase 2 Decodable Words & Tricky Words

Decodable Words Tricky Words
a had the
an back to
as and I
at get no
if big go
in him into
is his  
it not  
of got  
off up  
on mum  
can but  
dad put (north)  

Phase 3

b Pretend to hit a cricket ball with a bat and say ‘b, b, b’.
j Pretend to be a jelly wobbling on a plate and say ‘j, j, j’.
z/zz Put arms out at sides and pretend to be a bee, saying ‘zzzzz’.
w Blow on to open hand, as if you are the wind, and say ‘wh, wh, wh’.
v Pretend to be holding the steering wheel of a van and say ‘vvvvvv’.
y Pretend to be eating a yoghurt and say ‘y, y, y’.
x Pretend to take an x-ray of someone with an x-ray gun and say ‘ks, ks, ks’.
er Roll hands over each other like a mixer and say ‘er, er, er’.
ai Cup hand over ear and say ‘ai, ai, ai’
qu Put two fingers on top of your thumb, opening and closing them to make a beak, saying ‘qu, qu, qu’.
sh Put your finger up to your lips and whisper ‘sh’ as if a baby is sleeping and you don’t want to make them.
Shop, ship, show.
th Stick your tongue out a little and say ‘th’ (as in them) and stick your tongue out further and say ‘th’ (as in thumb).
ch Pretend to be a steam train, moving arms like piston roads, saying ‘ch, ch, ch’.
Chin, chip, chop.
ee Using your hands like ears, pretend to be a donkey braying saying eeyore, eeyore.
Weep, meet, sheep.
igh Pretend you are on a pirate ship. When the captain gives you an order you have to salute and say ‘aye-aye captain’.
Light, night, sight.
oa Pretend that something has smashed on the floor. Mime holding your head in your hands shaking your head and saying ‘Oh no!’
Coat, loaf, toad.
oo Pretend you have opened a wonderful present and are looking at something fantastic. Mime opening your eyes wide and holding out your hands in amazement while saying ‘Oo!’
Zoo, moon.
ow Pretend that you have stubbed your toe. Hop up and down holding your foot saying ‘ow, ow, ow!’.
Now, towel, down.
ar Pretend you are at the doctors with a sore throat, the doctor asks you to open your mouth and say ‘ahhh!’
Car, bark, market.
or Pretend to choose what you are wearing. Will it be this or that? Mine holding out your hands, palms up and look to one another as you say ‘this or that?’
Fork, born, cord.
ear Point to your ear, say this sound is the same as a part of your body.
Hear, near, beard.
ur Pretend that you’ve been asked a question and you’re trying to work out the answer. Put your finger on your chin and look puzzled as you say ‘ur, ur’.
Fur, hurt, turnip.
oi Pretend you are cross with a person who has just seen someone stealing something. Shake your fist and call ‘oi, oi!’.
Oil, soil, join.
air Take a breath and then breathe out and say ‘air’. You can put your hand in front of your mouth to feel the air.
Air, hair, pair.
ure Pretend you’ve just smelt some smelly manure. Hold your nose and make a face, then say ‘ure-manure’ several times.
Pure, cure.

Phase 3 Decodable Words & Tricky Words

Decodable Words Tricky Words
will see you he
that for they she
this now all we
then down are me
them look my be
with now her was

Phase 4

In phase 4, no new diagraphs are introduced. The main aim of this phase is to consolidate the children’s knowledge and help them to learn to read and spell the words which have adjacent consonants such as trap, string and milk.